Orval Faubus was born on January 7, 1910. He was elected governor of Arkansas 6 times. He stood against segregation of the Little Rock school district during the Little Rock crisis. He defied the unanimous decision of the United States Supreme Court by ordering the Arkansas National Guard to stop African-American students from attending Little Rock Central High School. He was against the Brown v. Board decision too. President Eisenhower federalized Arkansas National Guard taking Faubus out of control of them. Eisenhower also sent troops to Arkansas to protect the African-American students. Faubus shut down Little Rock High Schools for a year because of this.